Friday, January 15, 2021

 Martin Johnson Heade, (1819-1904), American

"Martin Johnson Heade was an American painter known for his salt marsh landscapes, seascapes, and depictions of tropical birds (such as hummingbirds), as well as lotus blossoms and other still lifes. His painting style and subject matter, while derived from the romanticism of the time, are regarded by art historians as a significant departure from those of his peers. Heade was born in Lumberville, Pennsylvania, the son of a storekeeper. He studied with Edward Hicks, and possibly with Thomas Hicks. His earliest works were produced during the 1840s and were chiefly portraits. He travelled to Europe several times as a young man, became an itinerant artist on American shores, and exhibited in Philadelphia in 1841 and New York in 1843. Friendships with artists of the Hudson River School led to an interest in landscape art. In 1863, he planned to publish a volume of Brazilian hummingbirds and tropical flowers, but the project was eventually abandoned. He travelled to the tropics several times thereafter, and continued to paint birds and flowers. Heade married in 1883 and moved to St. Augustine, Florida. His chief works from this period were Floridian landscapes and flowers, particularly magnolias laid upon velvet cloth. He died in 1904. His best known works are depictions of light and shadow upon the salt marshes of New England. Heade was not a widely known artist during his lifetime, but his work attracted the notice of scholars, art historians, and collectors during the 1940s. He quickly became recognized as a major American artist. Although often considered a Hudson River School artist, some critics and scholars take exception to this categorization. Heade's works are now in major museums and collections. His paintings are occasionally discovered in unlikely places such as garage sales and flea markets."
Source: North Carolina Museum of Art

"Singing Beach, Manchester", 1862, by Martin Johnson Heade, Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

"Giant Magnolias on a Blue Velvet Cloth", ca.1890, by Martin Johnson Heade, National Gallery of Art

"Cattleya Orchid and Three Hummingbirds", 1871, by Martin Johnson Heade, National Gallery of Art

"Jersey Marshes", 1874, by Martin Johnson Heade, Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza

"The Marshes at Rhode Island", 1866, by Martin Johnson Heade, Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza

"York Harbor, Coast of Maine", 1877, by Martin Johnson Heade, Art institute of Chicago

"Sunlight and Shadow, The Newbury Marshes", ca.1871, by Martin Johnson Heade, National Gallery of Art

"Sunlight and Shadow, The Newbury Marshes", ca.1871, by Martin Johnson Heade, National Gallery of Art

"Lotus Flowers with a Landscape Painting in the Bacground", by "Singing Beach, Manchester", 1862, by Martin Johnson Heade, 
North Carolina Museum of Art

"Approaching Thunder Storm", 1859, by Martin Johnson Heade, Metropolitan Museum of Art

"Sudden Showers, Newbury Marshes", ca.1865, by Martin Johnson Heade, Yale University Art Gallery

"Rocks in New England", 1855, by Martin Johnson Heade, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

"Haystack at Sunset", ca.1861, by Martin Johnson Heade

"Hunters Resting", 1863, by Martin Johnson Heade, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

"Mary Rebecca Clark", 1857, by Martin Johnson Heade, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston


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